Sounds from Space

 

Sounds from Space Ships and Space Stations 1976 - today

This section is dedicated to signals received from Space Ships and Space Stations. Most of them were manned missions or missions in preparation for later manned missions. As there is a separate section dedicated to amateur-radio-transmissions from Space Ships and Space Stations the recordings below are from non-ham-radio transmissions.

My special thanks to Alois Ochojski DL3PD/SK, Sven Grahn, Dick Daniels W4PUJ/SK, Maik Hermenau, Nils von Storch, Dick Flagg AH6NM, Bob Patterson K5DZE, Larry R. Baysinger W4EJA, Federico Manzini, John Pate W1XQ, Bryce Salmi KB1LQC, Loren Moline WA7SKT, Darko Cika 9A3LI, Jos Heymann, Colin Mackella, Marco Bauer, Phil Williams, Alex Spiller and Milen Rangelov for kindly supporting this collection.

Picture

Object name
#NORAD

Description

Mission
Date

Salyut 5
Salyut-5
Salute 5
Almaz OPS 3
1976-057A
#08911

Salyut 5 was the second successful Soviet Almaz space station launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome aboard a Proton 8K82K rocket. Structurally it was similar to Salyut 3 with a mass of 19 tons and two solar panels. It featured a detachable recovery module for the return of research data and materials which was ejected on February 26th 1977 and successfully recovered (picture shown left).
It was inhabited by two Soyuz crews and one Soyuz failed to dock:
Soyuz 21 cosmonauts Boris Volynov and Vitali Zholobov worked in the station from July 7
th to August 24th 1976.
Soyuz 23 failed to dock on October 15
th 1976.
Soyuz 24 crew Viktor Gorbatko and Yuri Glazkov worked in the station from February 8
th to 25th 1977.
Salyut 5 re-entered the atmosphere on August 8
th 1977 after its fuel reserves were depleted.

June 22nd 1976

Enclosed voice transmission from Boris Volynov onboard Salyut-5 was received on August 4th 1976 from 04:35 to 04:40 UTC on 143.625 MHz in FM modulation by Sven Grahn.

Enclosed Almaz shortwave telemetry signal from Salyut-5 was received on February 9th 1977 on 19.944 MHz by Sven Grahn.

Soyuz 22
1976-093A
#09421

(crew: Bykovsky, Aksyonov)

Soyuz 22 was a Soviet manned mission with Cosmonauts Bykovsky and Aksyonov aboard. Its purpose was the testing and perfecting of scientific-technical methods and devices for studying the geological characteristics of the Earth's surface from outer space for economic purposes. It landed 150 km NW of Tselinograd and was recovered on September 23rd 1976 at 7:42 UTC.
Enclosed voice signal was received on 142.4 MHz on September 19
th 1976 by Sven Grahn.

Sept 15th 1976

COSMOS 929
1977-066A
#10146

Almaz was the first test of the TKS manned shuttle. Maneuvered extensively, the TKS-VA capsule returned to Earth August 16th 1977. The shuttle de-orbited February 2nd 1978.
Enclosed FSK-PDM signal was received on 19.954 MHz on September 20
th 1977 by Sven Grahn.

July 17th 1977

Salyut 6
Salyut-6
DOS 5
1977-097A
#10382

Salyut 6 was a second-generation (along with Salyut 7) Soviet space station. With Salyut 6, the Soviet space station program evolved from short-duration to long-duration stays. It was launched unmanned and crews arrived later in Soyuz spacecraft. It had two docking ports. This permitted refueling and resupply by automated Progress freighters derived from Soyuz. Progress docked automatically at the aft port, and was then opened and unlocked by cosmonauts on the station. Transfer of fuel to the station took place automatically under supervision from the ground. A second docking port also meant long-duration resident crews could receive visitors. Visiting crews often included cosmonaut-researchers from Soviet bloc countries or countries sympathetic to the Soviet Union. Vladimir Remek of Czechoslovakia, the first space traveler not from the US or USSR, visited Salyut 6 in 1978. The station received 16 cosmonaut crews, including six long-duration crews. The longest stay time for a Salyut 6 crew was 185 days. The first long-duration crew stayed for 96 days, beating the 84-day world record for space endurance established in 1974 by the last Skylab crew. The station hosted cosmonauts from Hungary, Poland, Romania, Cuba, Mongolia, Vietnam, and East Germany. Twelve Progress freighters delivered more than 20 tons of equipment, supplies and fuel. An experimental transport logistics spacecraft called Cosmos 1267 docked with Salyut 6 in 1982. The transport logistics spacecraft was originally designed for the Almaz program. Cosmos 1267 proved that large modules could dock automatically with space stations, a major step toward the multimodular Mir station and the International Space Station.
Salyut 6 had six resident crews. On 10 Dec. 1977 the first crew, Yuri Romanenko and Georgi Grechko, arrived on Soyuz 26 and remained aboard Salyut 6 for 96 days. On June 15th 1978, Vladimir Kovalyonok and Alexander Ivanchenkov (Soyuz 29) arrived and remained on board for 140 days. Vladimir Lyakhov and Valeri Ryumin (Soyuz 32) arrived on 25 Feb. 1979 and stayed 175 days. on 9 April 1980 Leonid Popov and Valeri Ryumin (Soyuz 35) arrived for the longest stay on Salyut 6, 185 days. A repair mission, consisting of Leonid Kizim, Oleg Makarov, and Gennadiy Strekhalov (Soyuz T3) worked on the space station for 12 days starting on 27 Nov. 1980. On 12 March 1981 the last crew, Vladimir Kovalyonok and Viktor Savinyikh, arrived and stayed for 75 days. During this time there were also 10 visiting missions, crews which came to bring supplies and make shorter duration visits with the resident crews.

Sept 29th 1977

Enclosed scrambled voice signal was received on 121.75 MHz on July 9th 1978 at 16:04 UTC by Sven Grahn.

Enclosed de-scrambled voice signal was received on 121.75 MHz on July 9th 1978 at 16:04 UTC by Sven Grahn.

Electro-cardiogramme transmission on voice channel, 121.75 MHz, May 11, 1979. Recording kindly provided by Sven Grahn.

Enclosed recording includes the voices of Popov and Ryumin, the Soyuz-35 crew, most likely while they were onboard of Salyut-6. Recording is part of the compilation "The Conquest of Space" of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia and kindly provided by Jos Heymann.

Soyuz-33
1979-029A
#11324

(crew: N. N. Rukavishnikov, G. I. Ivanov)

Launched to bring the "Saturn" crew N. N. Rukavishnikov (USSR) and G. I. Ivanov (Bulgaria) to the Space Station Salyut 6, Soyuz-33 failed to dock with Salyut 6 as there was a malfunction of the main engine during its final approach.
The "Proton" crew aboard Salyut 6 reported flames shooting sideways from the main engine, toward the backup engine, at the time of the shutdown. The docking was called off and the "Saturn" crew made ready to return to Earth.
Unfortunately also the backup engine had difficulties and as a result, Soyuz 33 made a steep ballistic reentry with acceleration up to 10G (98 m/s²). Listen to the crew reading the landing angles.
After the short mission of 2 days finally the "Saturn" crew arrived safely on earth.
Both audio files were recorded on April 11
th 1979 on 121.75 MHz by Sven Grahn.

Apr 10th 1979

Soyuz 34
1979-0491A
#11387

Soyuz 34 was launched unmanned by the USSR from the Baikonur cosmodrome in order to return with the crew of Soyuz 32 after the failure of Soyuz 33 to dock with the Salyut 6 space station. It was recovered on August 19th 1979 at 12:30 UTC.
Enclosed command-verification signals were received on 925.24 MHz on June 7
th 1979 by Sven Grahn.

June 6th 1979

Soyuz 35
1980-027A
#11753

Soyuz 35 was a manned Soviet mission launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome carrying cosmonauts Leonid Popov and Valeri Ryumin to the Salyut 6 space station. It also returned the crew of Soyuz 36 to Earth on June 3rd 1980.

April 9th 1980

Enclosed recording includes the voices of Popov and Ryumin, most likely while they were onboard of Salyut-6. Recording is part of the compilation "The Conquest of Space" of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia and kindly provided by Jos Heymann.

STS-1
Columbia
1981-034A
#12399

(crew: John W. Young, Robert L. Crippen)

German report about the first launch of a space shuttle STS-1 (Space Transportation System) Columbia which was broadcasted by Bayrischer Rundfunk. This was the first flight of a re-usable manned spacecraft. The crew Commander John W. Young and Pilot Robert L. Crippen returned safely on April 14th 1981. Record kindly provided by Maik Hermenau.

Apr 12th 1981

Enclosed recording documents the launch of the first flight of a Space Shuttle, STS-1. Recording is part of the compilation "The Conquest of Space" of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia and kindly provided by Jos Heymann.

STS-2
Columbia
Shuttle-OFT2
OSTA1/STS-2
1981-111A
#12953

(crew:
Joe Engle, Richard Truly)

The second flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-2) carried the first scientific payload OSTA-1 (Office of Space and Terrestrial Application 1).

Nov 12th 1981

Enclosed recording documents the launch of the second flight of a Space Shuttle, STS-2. Recording is part of the compilation "The Conquest of Space" of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia and kindly provided by Jos Heymann.

Soyuz T-14
1985-081A
#16051

(crew: Vladimir Vasyutin, Georgiy Grechko, Aleksandr Volkov)

Soyuz T-14 was a manned Soviet mission launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome with cosmonauts Vladimir Vasyutin, Georgiy Grechko, and Aleksandr Volkov aboard. It docked with the Salyut 7 space station but returned to Earth with Viktor Savinykh, Volkov and Vasyutin on November 21st 1985 when Vasyutin became ill.
The scrambled voice signal was received on 142.417 MHz on November 13
th 1985 by Sven Grahn.

Sep 17th 1985

COSMOS 1686
1985-086A
#16095

Cosmos 1686 was a modification of the cancelled TKS manned ferry that docked with the Salyut 7 space station. All landing systems were removed from the VA re-entry capsule and replaced with military optical sensor experiments (infrared telescope and Ozon spectrometer). It burned up in the atmosphere and together with the Salyut 7 station over Argentina on February 7th 1991 04:00 UTC. It re-entered with the unused 3 m diameter recoverable capsule of 2-3000 kg mass, solid rocket motors, and cesium sensors.
The FSK-PDM signal was received on 19.954 MHz on October 3
rd 1985 by Sven Grahn.

Sep 27th 1985

CHALNGR
STS 51L
Challanger

(crew:
Francis Scobee, Michael Smith, Judith Resnik, Ellison Onizuka, Ronald McNair, Gregory Jarvis, Christa McAuliffe)

This mission, one of the continuing STS series, carried a Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-B) to be launched from the cargo bay, and the experiment Spartan Halley. The spacecraft exploded during the launch phase at high altitude over the Atlantic Ocean. All 7 crew members were lost. Because the spacecraft did not reach orbit, no International ID was assigned.

Jan 28th 1986

Enclosed recording documents the failing launch and explosion of Challanger. Recording is part of the compilation "The Conquest of Space" of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia and kindly provided by Jos Heymann.

MIR Space Station
1986-017A
#16609

Mir (english peace), a Russian space station, was the world's first consistently inhabited long-term research station in space. Constructed from 1986 to 1996 using a modular design (core module launched February 20th 1986) the station was in operation for fifteen years before it was deliberately de-orbited and re-entered into the atmosphere over the South Pacific Ocean on March 23rd 2001. 10 years after its reentry I built a model of MIR which is now in my bookshelf and a nice reminiscence of the various contacts I had with people onboard MIR.

Feb 20th
1986 (core module)

The first crew to visit MIR were Leonid Kizim and Vladimir Soloviev. Their Soyuz T-15 spacecraft was launched on March 13th 1986 and they docked to MIR on March 14th. They stayed in space for 125 days and during that time even travelled from MIR to Salyut 6 and back before finally returning back to earth.
The first audio file was recorded by Sven Grahn on March 15th 1986 15:27 UTC on 121.75 MHz, apparently shortly after they entered MIR. Many thanks to Sven Grahn.
The second audio file was recorded the day after on March 16th 1986 14:14 UTC on 143.625 MHz also by Sven Grahn.

International Space Station ISS
1998-067A
#25544

The first crew of the ISS was the team of Commander William M. Shepherd, Soyuz Pilot Yuri P. Gidzenko and Flight Engineer Sergei Krikalev. They arrived with a Soyuz spacecraft on Nov. 2nd 2000 and stayed 136 days.
In the sound file enclosed Bill Shepherd is thanking the ground crews. Recorded shortly after arrival of the 1st crew on Nov. 2nd 2000 at 12:27 UTC on 143.625 MHz by Sven Grahn.

Nov 20th
1998
(Zarja module)

Enclosed voice signal where the crew talks to TsUP was received on 143.625 MHz on November 4th 2000 at 10:27 UTC by Sven Grahn.

Mark Shuttleworth's reporting was received on 143.625 MHz on April 28th 2002 at 08:25 UTC by Sven Grahn.

The crew of Soyuz TMA-1 reported their arrival at ISS on 130.167 MHz on November 1st 2002 at 06:28 UTC. Received and kindly provided by Sven Grahn.

This relay of the TsUP uplink to Soyuz TMA-2 was received on 130.167 MHz on April 28th 2003 at 05:45 UTC by Sven Grahn.

Soyuz TMA-2
2003-016A
#27781

(crew: J. I.
Malentschenko, E. T. Lu)

Soyuz TMA-2 is a Russian passenger transport craft that was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baikonur. It carried cosmonaut Juri Iwanowitsch Malentschenko (Russia) and astronaut Edward Tsang Lu (USA) for a six-month stay to the International Space Station (ISS). It docked with the ISS on April 28th 2003 at about 07:00 UTC. TMA-2 returned with the old crew of ISS back to Earth and they landed softly at 02:41 UTC on October 28th 2003 at the precisely planned location in Kazakhstan.
In enclosed recording Edward Lu talks in English on 121.75 MHz on April 27
th 2003 at 07:05 UTC. Received by Sven Grahn.

Apr 26th
2003

Soyuz TMA-3
2003-047A
#28052

(crew:
Alexander Jurjewitsch Kaleri , Colin Michael Foale, Pedro Francisco Duque)

Soyuz TMA-3 is a Russian passenger-transporting satellite that was launched by a Soyuz-FG rocket from Baikonur. It carried three astronauts (a Russian, an American and a Spanish) to the International Space Station (ISS). It docked automatically with the ZARYA module onOctober 20th 2003 and the crew moved into the ISS. During his 10 day stay in the ISS the Spanish astronaut conducted some microgravity life science experiments. The other two crew members remained in the ISS for a longer stay. Soyuz TMA-3 returned back to Earth with another crew and landed softly at 11:15 UTC on April 30th 2004 in Kazakhstan.
In enclosed recording Michael Foale talks in English on 121.75 MHz. Received on October 19
th 2003 at 08:40 UTC by Sven Grahn.

Oct 18th
2003

Progress M-02M
Progress 33P
2009-024A
#34905

Progress M-02M, a Russian unmanned resupply vessel for the International Space Station, was launched on a Soyuz U rocket from Baikonur. The spacecraft carried spare parts, life support gear, and hardware. It also resupplied the station with propellant, pure oxygen and air. The Progress vessel had a total weight of 7119 kg and docked with the ISS at the Earth-facing port of the Pirs module on May 12th 2009 at 19:24 UT. Prior to docking, the Progress was used to perform tests of a new avionics system. During docking Nils received enclosed signal from the TORU (TeleOperatornuij Reschim Uprawlenja) system of the progress space-ship on 121.746 MHz. Recording kindly provided by Nils von Storch.

May 7th
2009

STS-135
Atlantis OV-104
2011-031A
#37736

STS-135 was the final shutttle mission. It was launched in July 8th 2011 from Kennedy Space Center and docked to ISS on July 10th 2011 at 15:07 UTC. STS-135 Atlantis's External Tank video downlink was received over Europe by Nils von Storch 24 minutes after launch on 2272.5 MHz FM. Normally an internal timer disables the 10 Watts s-band video transmitter onboard the External Tank (ET) about 15 Minutes after launch, to avoid interference with S-Band communication systems in Europe. On this final Space Shuttle mission however, engineers decided to disable the timer in order to capture video from the ETs perspective when it re-entries the earths atmosphere about 60 minutes after launch. Unfortunately the signal was at 4° elevation only before disappearing behind the horizon again, which is the reason why the received video is only so short. Equipment used to receive this video was a 90cm mesh dish with 3,5 turn RHCP Helix for 2250 MHz, EME103B S-Band LNA and a G1MFG S-Band video receiver. Thanks to Nils for sharing this video with us. The mission lasted 13 days ending with a landing at Cape Canaveral on July 21st 2011 at 09:55 UTC. Please note that the .mp4-video is almost 20 MByte large.

July 8th
2011

One hour after separation, ISS and Atlantis STS135 were still close to each other when they moved across Europe. The reflections of the GRAVES radar at both objects could be monitored on 143.050 MHz. Enclosed waterfall was received on July 19th 2011 at 17:15 UTC by Phil Williams. The lower trace is the reflection of Atlantis then followed by ISS. Waterfall diagram kindly provide by Phil Williams.

Tiangong-1
Tjangong-1
TG-1
#37820
(2011-053A)

Tiangong-1 is the first Chinese space module. It is cylindrical shaped with a diameter of 3.35m and a length of about 9m and weights 8500 kg. It features 2 deployable solar panel arrays. It was launched on a modified CZ-2F rocket called CZ-2F/G into an initial 335x353km orbit with 43° inclination will probably be raised at a later point in time.

Reported active downlink frequencies are 2208.800 MHz, 2224.120 MHz, 2232.250 MHz and 2250.750 MHz.

Sept 29th 2011

One of the S-band downlinks of Tiangong-1 was received on 2232.244 MHz on October 3rd 2011 at 00:40 UTC by Loren Moline WA7SKT. You can see the faint doppler curve in enclosed waterfall spectrum plot which was kindly provided by Loren.

On May 2nd 2013 at 08:35 UTC Paul Marsh received Tiangong-1 on 2232.250 MHz and on 2250.750 MHz. Waterfall and spectrum plot kindly provided by www.uhf-satcom.com.

Enclosed audio recordings, the first two of the PSK TT&C signal on 2232 MHz and the third of the main carrier at 2251 MHz were received on May 7th 2013 at 07:00 GMT. Recorded and kindly provided by Paul Marsh M0YET.

The S-Band downlink of Tiangong-1 was received and enclosed FFT plot was generated in April 2014 by Milen Rangelov.

Dragon C2+
Dragon C2/C3
#38348
(2012-027A)

The Dragon capsule was developed by Space-X and is the first private built capsule which supplied goods (544kg) to the ISS: It was launched on a falcon 9 rocket on May 22nd 2012 from Cape Canaveral and docked to the ISS on May 25th 2012. During approach to the ISS the communication with the ISS took place on 400.5 MHz using 338 kHz PSK modulation with a data rate of 153.6 kbps. The reported transmit power was 5W resulting in 1.5 W EIRP. Other reported downlink frequencies were in S-band:
2205.5 MHz (narrow band telemetry),
2216.0 MHz (TLM via directional S-band antenna and 20 Watts),
2265.0 MHz (wide band telemetry).

May 22nd 2012

Enclosed signal was received during orbit #29 on May 24th 2012 at 8:23 UTC using a handheld arrow antenna and a Yaesu VX-8R receiver by the Salmi family in Chelmsford, MA. Bryce KB1LQC, Brent KB1LQD and John KB1MGI. The recorded the signal on 400.5 MHz in AM using the recording function of their cell phone. Recording kindly provided by Bryce Salmi KB1QC.

Enclosed spectrum plot and waterfall diagram was recorded on May 27th 2012 around 01:44 UTC on 400.5 MHz by Darko 9A3LI. Raw data recordings are available on request. Kindly provided by Darko 9A3LI.

Shenzou 9
SZ 9
#38461
(2012-032A)

The SZ (Shenzou) is the first manned spacecraft of the Peoples Republic of China. The 7800kg spacecraft owns much of its basic design to the russian Soyuz capsule, which has a very similar genaral layout. Like the Soyuz, it consists of an orbital module, a return module and an engineering module.  Shenzou-9 docked automatically to the Chinese space laboratory Tiangong-1 and all three Taikonaunts Mr. Jing Haipeng, Mr. Liu Wang und Mrs. Liu Yang entered the space laboratory.

Downlink frequencies have been reported to be 259.2-260.2 MHz, 294.2-299.3 MHz and 2224.065 MHz (S-Band).

June 16th 2012

TMA08-M
34S
#39125
(2013-013A)

On March 28th 2013 a new crew consisting of  Flight Engineer Christopher Cassidy, Commander Pavel Vinograd and Flight Engineer Aleksandr Misurkin (from left to right) was launched on a Soyuz rocket from Baykonur to ISS. This is the first time a new 6 hour fast rendezvous flight profile is used. Enclosed signal was received and recorded on March 28th 2013 at 23:45 UTC using a AOR AR-3000 receiver on 121.750 MHz in FM by Marco Bauer.

March 28th 2013

Shenzou 10
SZ 10
#39179
(2013-029A)

Shenzou 10 is the 5th and up to now longest manned mission of the Peoples Republic of China. The launch on June 11th 2013 on a CZ-2F/G rocket. The mission is planned to last 15 days. On June 13th 2013 at 07:11 UTC  Shenzou-10 docked automatically to the Chinese space laboratory Tiangong-1 and one hour later all three Taikonaunts commander Nie Haisheng, mission engineer Zhang Yiaoguang und mission engineer Mrs. Wang Yaping entered the space laboratory. This is the last planned visit to the space module Tjangong-1.

June 11th 2013

The S-band TT&C signal from Shenzhou-10 was received by Paul Marsh on June 16th 2013 at 12:11 UTC at 2208.757 MHz and at 15:24 UTC at 2208.707 MHz. Enclosed spectrum plots were kindly provided by Paul Marsh M0YET.

TMA13-M
ISS-AF39S
#39775
(2014-031A)

On May 28th 2014 a new crew consisting of German Flight Engineer Alexander Gerst, Commander Maxim Wiktorowitsch Surajew and Flight Engineer Gregory Reid Wiseman (from left to right) was launched on a Soyuz rocket from Baykonur to ISS. Enclosed signal was received and recorded on May 29th 2014 between 00:34 and 00:39 UTC using a AOR AR-3000 receiver on 121.750 MHz in FM by Marco Bauer. He used a handheld 5el Yagi antenna. About 70 mintes later TMA13-M docked to ISS. Long pauses have been removed to reduce the filesize. Recording kindly provided by Marco Bauer.

May 29th 2014

ATV-5
 
Georges Lemaître
#40103
(2014-044A)

On Saturday February 14th 2015 ESA’s fifth and last Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), Georges Lemaître, undocked from the International Space Station at 13:40 GMT. Less than 30 hours later the spacecraft burnt up harmlessly in a controlled reentry over the Pacific Ocean, marking the end of the program. All 5 ATVs were built by EADS Astrium Space Transportation in Bremen/Germany and delivered in total more than 31 tons of supplies over the course of the five missions. They boosted the Station to raise its orbit numerous times and similarly moved it out of the way of space debris. The vehicles demonstrated European mastery of automated docking, a technology that is vital for further space exploration.
The image to the right “Final Goodbye” was taken by amateur photographer Alex Spiller in Saxony, Germany, shortly after ATV undocked from ISS. Travelling from west to east at around 28 800 km/h, ATV-5 is visible as a faint stripe to the right of the brighter stripe – the International Space Station ISS. This was one of the last pictures of ATV-5 before its reentry.
Image kindly provided by Alex Spiller.

July 29th 2014

International Space Station ISS
1998-067A
#25544

On Monday December 21st 2015 Astronauts Scott Kelly and Timothy Kopra jointly conducted an EVA to free a stuck CETA (Crew & Equipment Translation Aid) cart. During this EVA Alex Spiller was able to receive their intercom signal based on the SSER (Space-to-Space EMU Radio). He received and recorded the signal on 414.2 MHz on December 21st 2015 at 15:08 - 15:18 UTC. Recording kindly provided by Alex Spiller.

Dec 21st 2015

Picture

Object name
#NORAD

Description

Mission
Date

If you have further recordings from space objects please let me know. I will be happy to add them to my homepage. Many thanks in advance.

Vy 55 & 73 de Matthias DD1US               


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